Wednesday, December 31, 2008
「兩週一聚: 午夜前的十分鐘」之【我的蘇俄女兒】 / 「Bi-weekly Series: Ten Minutes Before Midnight 」【Where Are You My Russian Daughter?】
Like the pebble on top of a mountain after the Champlain Sea has disappeared, or the stubborn stone that refused to march with the retreating glacier. I have chosen Canada as my final resting place.
But where are you my child, my long-lost daughter born of a Russian father and a Chinese mother?
Pick up each pebble and each stone, and it has a story to tell, only if we would listen. There is no regret, nor do I blame fate or people for losing you, my dear daughter. The history of China is full of turbulence and we are souls caught up in the midst of a storm. When I met your father, Sino-Russian relationship was at its peak. We fell in love with dreams of rebuilding China with soviet technology and the patriotism of a young Chinese girl. We were an innocent couple in love. Then the political wind changed. Our countries parted way, pulling our inter-racial family into an abyss. There was no future for a Chinese girl with Russian blood. You left with your father. I stood on the Wuhan Bridge, all alone, my eyes dried of tears.
For many years, the fog of war engulfed the city; it filled the streets with shouts and slogans; it filled young patriotic hearts with anger and excitement. The fire burnt, my photos, my diaries, my dreams. I could no longer ride with the new tide. Arriving Hong Kong, then on to Canada, my body travelled, leaving my youth behind, far from the city where we once were, a family. The foreign moon shines bright, but no more brighter or dimmer than the one you and I shared many a night. You cuddle close in my arms. The cicadas and the crickets sing their songs. The sweetness of jasmine fills the night.
Tonight, the North Star of the Canadian sky is keeping me company. The constellation of the Chinese sky awaits me. I long for solitude and serenity. I am closing the door, the hope of ever finding my daughter.
When I sleep you will be awake. The pulse of the night slows down to a single last heartbeat. And, in my resting heart shall also rest eternal the gift of my life, my memory of you, my dear daughter.
Hongkie At Large
Monday, December 29, 2008
Turn Around - by Harry Belafonte, Malvina Reynolds and Alan Greene
(text in brackets are from me)
Where are you going, my little one, little one,
Where are you going, my baby, my own?
Turn around and you're two,
Turn around and you're four,
Turn around and you're a young girl (boy) going out of my door.
Turn around, turn around,
Turn around and you're a young girl (boy) going out of my door.
Where are you going, my little one, little one,
Little dirndls (mittens) and petticoats (snowpants), where have you gone?
Turn around and you're tiny,
Turn around and you're grown,
Turn around and you're a young wife (man) with babes of your own.
Turn around, turn around,
Turn around and you're a young wife (man) with babes of your own.
Source of info / references / Links:
* Song lyrics from http://www.wku.edu/~smithch/MALVINA/mr175.htm
* Xiao Zhu's blog article【尋˙迷】 http://xiaozhu1979.blogspot.com/2008/12/blog-post_28.html
"... A mince pie (sometimes also minced, minced meat, or mincemeat pie) is a British festive sweet pastry, traditionally consumed during the Christmas and New Year period. Mince pies normally have a pastry top, but versions may also be found without the top in which case they are known as mince tarts. Mince pies are filled with mincemeat – a preserve typically containing apple, dried fruits such as raisins and sultanas, spices, and either suet or vegetable shortening. Modern mince pies typically do not contain any meat, but because suet is raw beef or mutton fat, mince pies made with suet are not suitable for vegetarians. Individual mince pies are usually 6–7.5 cm in diameter, although larger mince pies, suitable for slicing, may also be baked ...
... The origins of the mince pie lie in the medieval chewet (also spelled chewette), which was a fried or baked pastry containing chopped liver and other meats mixed with boiled eggs and ginger. Dried fruit and other sweet ingredients would be added to the chewet's filling for variety.
By the 16th century mince or "shred" pie was considered a Christmas speciality, although in the 17th century, Oliver Cromwell made the eating of mince pies on Christmas Day illegal. (This law was voted fourth "most ridiculous British law" in a 2007 poll.) In the mid-17th century the liver and chopped meat were replaced by suet, and by the 19th century meat was no longer generally used in the "mince" in either Britain or North America ..."
Source of information / References:
* 2008年聖誕火鳮歺 / The Turkey Dinner of X'mas 2008 http://lotusandcedar.blogspot.com/2008/12/2008-turkey-dinner-of-xmas-2008.html
Sunday, December 28, 2008
Thank you for your blog article and the links (Nobel Prize articles re his background and the interview, which I read). In many ways, writers are like painters, they are the instruments through which "reality" (in the eyes of the beholder) expresses itself. I do find that the more an artist or a writer is exposed to different culture, the less cultural eccentric the person will become. To this end, JM Gustave le Clézio has translated his cumulative overseas experience into his work, which is perhaps something that many contemporary Chinese writers should emulate.
Now, I am just a blogger and am light years away from the realm of Nobel Prize winners such as le Clézio. However, I do have a comment on the following quotation:
“... Culture, as I have said, belongs to us all, to all humankind. But in order for this to be true, everyone (and especially children) must be given equal access to culture. The book, however old-fashioned it may be, is the ideal tool ... ”
I can't help but disagree with (or nick-pick) the word "ideal". I can think of at least three books that have been central to both the transaction and transformation of culture: The Bible, The Koran and the Quotations from Chairman Mao. You know where I am going with this one: A tool is only as good as the person(s) interpreting it. As the old adage goes: "Meanings are in people, not in words." So, I would submit that the book (in hardcopy or electronic form) is the ideal tool provided that ..... Well, I will let you fill in the blank.
To see the original blog article "好好讀", please click
Friday, December 26, 2008
* 焗爐火鳮一隻(6.5公斤左右),內有白麺飽和一些香料 (sage鼠尾草/洋蘇葉; savory 木質薄荷; thyme百里香/麝香草; rosemary迷迭香), 用來做填火鳮的配料 stuffing
* 烘西葫蘆瓜 butternut squash,以橄欖油丶鹽丶胡椒粉丶和蔥作配料調味
* 有氣泡的蘋果汁 sparkling apple juice
* 甜品 (沒有肉的 mincemeat pies, Yule log 朱咕力蛋糕)
Photo 攝影图片: 火鷄的皮是畧燒焦了,但內裏的肉和 stuffing 卻是非常 juicy 好味!!
Monday, December 22, 2008
我是不相信「胎敎」,或灌輸給嬰兒「莫札特」音樂丶或其它製做super baby的「高級知識份子」養料,出世之後,嬰兒是不知不覺,這個狀況可以維持数星期 (但也有些人是混沌一生,不赘),之後他/她開始有自我的覌念 (concept of self)和逐漸領悟時間丶事物的永恆性 (concept of permanency e.g. Peek-a-Boo I See You; face recognition; disappearance and re-appearance of people, food, toys, and events)。在孩提時代,父母的的角式責任重大,如以下我在網上找到的一篇提議:
(一) 親子溝通的過程，要有溫馨、祥和的感 覺，若引起彼此之間的僵持或不愉快，則是沒有能力的愛。
References / Links:
1. 【如何做一個稱職的父母】 An article posted on a school website http://www.talented.com.tw/k024.doc
2. 【別害了孩兒的一生】 Carmelina's Opinion on Some Mother's Kid http://www.lpbi.blogspot.com/2008/12/blog-post_18.html
.... / to be continued 下續
Sunday, December 21, 2008
3. 他大言不慚地吹噓, 為求目的,手段不是問題,正如考試「出貓」一樣
当然,不是每個「偷食」的男人都有以上特徵,或都是「二世祖」類的花花公子,但如我在【間諜秘笈: 色性丶权力丶金錢 / The Secret Spy Manual: Sex, Power, Money】一篇所說,很多俗世男人都是受不起色性丶权力丶金錢的誘惑,或許這就是為什么,「吃唐僧肉」是对一些女人的另一種誘惑啊 (【港女頌 / Femme Fatale】)!!
Thursday, December 18, 2008
Thank you for your comments !!!
Here are the relevant articles:
"鹹水中文 / "Lightly-Salted" Chinese":
"訓練跑馬拉松 / Training for a Marathon"
"旅遊摩洛哥 - 卡薩布蘭卡的沙灘 / Road to Morocco - Beach near La..."
"The Art & Science of Blogging for Beginners"
"Pictures of Venice / 水城「威尼斯」照片"
"東西文化思想衝突 / Cultural Differences"
* the public sector (federal, regional, and municipal govts, and other organizations that are responsible for public good)
* the private sector (industry and their associations and lobby groups, and other for-profit organizations)
* the general public (the Joe and Josephine on the street, consumers, NGOs, community and special interest groups, etc)
Each of these contributes to the wellness and stability of the society. So, it seems to me there is an abdication of responsibility when the free-market advocates put the blame of the recent economic melt-down on the govts, and the govts on Wall Street, and the public on both industry and the govts.
To me, rights come with obligations. The govts have the right (or are given the right) to govern, and therefore the obligation to make and implement sound policies. The industry has the right to make profit, and therefore the obligation to be responsible corporate citizens. And, as to the general public, they have the right to earn a living (among other things), but also the obligation to participate actively in the management of the society, and not to complain only when things go bad.
A three-legged stool will not stand if one of the legs decides to say: "It's not me. I am not responsible."
* Mind Necessity: "市場經濟的盡頭"
* Wikipedia: "Public Good" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_good
Tuesday, December 16, 2008
無獨有偶,我隔鄰房「死黨」阿雄也有一個嚴父,於是在某年上半學期派成績表之前,我們兩個亍坊小童,有商有量,落下决心,就是要將阿雄名列前矛的夢想成為現實。第一: 我們往印刷館映印了阿雄學校的成績表。第二: 我們訂做了「高記」校長的簽名圖章。第三: 我們填寫阿雄上學期的成績表,他所有科目都是名列前矛,不是A就是B+以上。
1. Inner Space:
領導政治組織: 成員,總責,職責,過失,和資歷 / Political Leadership: Choice of team members, Accountability, Responsibility, Blame, & Competencies
2. Inner Space / 筆路 / C.M. / Michelle / Mad Dog / The Man Who Loves Everton / Gwen and Ian / 周游
「兩週一聚: 禮物」之【前人種果後人收】 / 「Bi-weekly Series: Gift 」【For the Next Generation 】
Sunday, December 14, 2008
(Updated: 20081217 18:18 EST)
禮物 (共16份 :)
The Man Who Loves Everton
Friday, December 12, 2008
Thursday, December 11, 2008
Today is the second day of work stoppage by the city’s transit workers and the strike is taking a toll on all those who rely on public transportation. While many people decided to stay home yesterday because of the 30 cm of snow that clogged up the roads, most are returning to work today. As there are no buses, many are taking their cars and as a result the downtown core and all the feed roads are completely grid-locked during rush hours. According to news reports, many drivers were stuck in traffic in front of the Parliament Building for almost an hour. All north-south and east-west major routes are jammed early in the morning and late into the evening. Many people are walking to and from work, making trips of up to three hours each way. Some are taking their bicycles, risking their lives through the narrow gaps betwn cars and the snow banks.
While it is a legal strike, some people resent the fact that they are the one that get caught in the cross-fire btwn the union and the city. Small merchants, who depend up to 50% of their annual sale in December and January, are concerned that the strike will keep customers from making shopping trips outside of their neighborhood. University students are afraid they might miss their mid-term exams and fail the term. Many parents, whose kids usually take public transportation, now have to drive juniors to schools. Fixed income elders find themselves stuck in their houses or apartments as they cannot afford to take taxis as an alternate means of transportation. Social workers are concerned seniors who are sick might give up seeking medical help.
So, it is back to the old issue. Is strike the best and only way of leveraging the workers’ bargaining power in a salary and benefits dispute? Should the people who are collateral damage of a legal strike situation be compensated? And, if yes, by whom and by how much? Finally, is the collective good more, or less, important than individual rights?
Monday, December 08, 2008
母親說她和父親結了婚之後,由九龍油麻地搬往鴨巴甸街住,当年父親入息不高,与年輕的配偶,兩口子租了一間狹窄的板間房,母親「佗」 着我的時候,在鴨巴甸街上斜落斜,什為辛苦吃力,但可幸我的袓父母住在附近的荷李活道,所以有緊急事也可以大家互相照应。我記得年幼時阿嫲常帶我往文武廟処玩,又去上環街市買餸,回到祖父母処就和「中間房」木匠的兒子阿榮玩拍「公仔紙」, 但是我們孩子是不准去「尾房」玩,因為那对夫婦住客是吞雲吐霧的(鴉片?)「煙精」。我記得在騎楼望開对面是「飛髪舖」,顧客有兩個選擇,「陸軍裝」或「花旗裝」。楼下是賣柴丶炭丶雜物的舖頭,常常擠滿了買餸的家庭主婦,她們与老板伙記討價還價,或像「開墟」的說一堆不着边際的話兒,或大家閒話家常,和在街上的行人丶小販丶街坊丶小童鬧哄哄的噪声混在一起。鴨巴甸街是我的出生地點,荷李活道是我的玩耍地方,現在看見這些相片,帶來了很多童年的回憶,令我在那天真無邪的歲月中流連忘返。
攝影图片 Photo Credit: Wikipedia
* 香港鴨巴甸街是一條很鈄的路 Aberdeen Street on Hong Kong Island is fairly steep
* 鴨巴甸街和皇后大道中交界 Intersection of Aberdeen Street and Queen's Road
* 荷李活道的文武廟 The ManMo Temple on Hollywood Road, Hong Kong
1. Aberdeen Street 鴨巴甸街:
(References: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aberdeen_Street / http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%B4%A8%E5%B7%B4%E7%94%B8%E8%A1%97 )
2. The ManMo Temple on Hollywood Road, Hong Kong 荷李活道的文武廟:
"... Man Mo Temple or Man Mo Miu (traditional Chinese: 文武廟) is a temple in Hong Kong, China, that reveres the God of Literature, Man Tai (文帝), Man Cheong （文昌）and the God of War, and Mo Tai (武帝) or Kuan Ti, Kwan Yu（關羽). It was built in 1847 after two gods, Man the god of literature and Mo the god of war..." "... 東華三院文武廟位於香港上環荷李活道，是香港開埠早期的中式廟宇及於開埠早期於港英政府批准下可以用中國方法進行「斬雞頭，燒黃紙」的宣誓及裁決華人之間的糾紛。文武廟亦為香港一級歷史建築。..."
(References: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Man_Mo_Temple / http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%9D%B1%E8%8F%AF%E4%B8%89%E9%99%A2%E6%96%87%E6%AD%A6%E5%BB%9F )
Sunday, December 07, 2008
領導政治組織: 成員,總責,職責,過失,和資歷 / Political Leadership: Choice of team members, Accountability, Responsibility, Blame, & Competencies
In his Dec 3, 2008 blog article entitled “Secretary of State Hillary Clinton” (http://mindnecessity.blogspot.com/2008/12/secretary-of-state-hillary-clinton-cnn.html), Inner Space touched on the subject of political leadership and what it entails. Here are my two bits worth of opinion posted on his site:
Space: Here are my comments re: "... 管理學還有兩個理論..."
The choice of employees depends very much on the boss' line of business.
Senior executives of an organization will likely want "smart" employees (read: innovative and strategic thinkers) to deal with high risk, high uncertainty types of business.
On the other hand, operational managers will probably prefer employees who are reliable and independent to carry out prescribed tasks of a more low risk and routine nature.
In terms of accountability, there is no doubt the person at the top is always accountable and responsible for success/failure of an organization, even though he/she might not be the one to be blamed directly. As an illustration, here is a case in point in distinguishing “responsibility” vs “blame”: It is now said that USA President Bush's executive decision to start the Iraq war was based on less-than-accurate intelligence on Weapons of Mass Destruction in that country. So, as far as the intelligence gathering work is concerned, he is responsible, but CIA is to blame.
Finally, a less experienced and younger boss should have no problem leading a multi-discipline team of older and more seasoned subordinates as long as he/she has the mandate and authority (as in the case of the newly elected USA President) and, more importantly, the competencies to fulfill his/her roles and responsibilities as chief executive. (Note: All executive positions would/should have an established competency profile).
Saturday, December 06, 2008
Friday, December 05, 2008
Space: As mentioned in my blog articles concerning the recent political crisis in Canada: “… 任何政制都不会是十全十美,加拿大的威斯特敏斯特体系Westminster System ... 民主制度也不例外 ...” The success or failure of any democratic system, be it the one in Thailand, Canada, or other nations in the world, depends very much on the history, culture and people(s) of a country at any given point in time. Democracy, and for that matter any political beliefs or systems, is not a kind of take-it-and-you-are-cured magic pill. What is happening in Thailand is very different than and should not be compared to the situation in Canada, even though both countries have recent elections. To pass judgment on the good or bad of democracy based on Thailand and Canada is like saying Japanese and Chinese are the same because they are both Asians and they all look alike. I would submit that the leaders and people(s) of each country or state must experiment, customize and find out which type of political system is the best for them, recognizing that good governance does not happen overnight nor will it remain static.
ps: I take the liberty of linking your article to my blog.
Link to Inner Space: 【民主的兩個例子】
References and Related Links:
1. Westminster system
2. 西敏制 (威斯特敏斯特体系Westminster System）
5. 加拿大總督的職責 / The Roles and Responsibilities of the Governor General of Canada http://lotusandcedar.blogspot.com/2008/12/roles-and-responsibilities-of-governor.html
6. 加拿大總督: 休閉議会是解决國会政治風波的答案嗎? ∕ Governor General of Canada: Solving the Parliament Crisis by Prorogation? http://lotusandcedar.blogspot.com/2008/12/governor-general-of-canada-solving.html
7. 加拿大總督: 和哈珀總理在2008年12月4日会面 ∕ Governor General of Canada: Dec 4, 2008 Meeting with Prime Minister Harper http://lotusandcedar.blogspot.com/2008/12/governor-general-of-canada-dec-4-2008.html
8. Inner Space's recent blog article http://mindnecessity.blogspot.com/2008/12/apec.html
Thursday, December 04, 2008
加拿大總督: 和哈珀總理在2008年12月4日会面 ∕ Governor General of Canada: Dec 4, 2008 Meeting with Prime Minister Harper
Prime Minister Harper is now speaking outside the door of Rideau Hall. Here is a summary (not exact quotes):
· Yes, permission for prorogation of Parliament has been granted by the GG.
· The Government will present as the first order of business a budget on Jan 26, 2009 when the House of Commons will resume the next parliamentary session.
· Due to constitution tradition, he will not disclose his conversation with the GG.
· It is critical for the three parties to work together with focus on the proposed budget that contains measures to stimulate the economy.
· In response to a journalist’s question regarding his previous attempt to eliminate funding to political parties, the PM pointed out the Government would continue to incorporate input from other parties and stakeholders into the upcoming budget.
· The Block (le Bloc Quebecois) has every legitimate right to be here, but their agenda is very different.
· The PM did not respond directly to the question regarding the launching of an election campaign, but instead emphasized again on the budget and the importance of working together.
I am sure upon hearing the PM’s statement, Canadians from coast to coast will have their opportunities to reflect and discuss over the Christmas and New Year dinner tables.
1. 加拿大總督: 休閉議会是解决國会政治風波的答案嗎? ∕ Governor General of Canada: Solving the Parliament Crisis by Prorogation? http://lotusandcedar.blogspot.com/2008/12/governor-general-of-canada-solving.html
2. 加拿大總督的職責 / The Roles and Responsibilities of the Governor General of Canada
3. Wikipedia: Canadian Political Dispute http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Canadian_political_dispute
4. Privy Council for Canada: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Privy_Council_for_Canada
5. Clerk of the Privy Council Office PCO: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clerk_of_the_Privy_Council_(Canada)
6. House of Commons: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Commons_(Canada)
加拿大總督: 休閉議会是解决國会政治風波的答案嗎? ∕ Governor General of Canada: Solving the Parliament Crisis by Prorogation?
Harper expected to ask Gov. Gen. to suspend Parliament
Wed Dec 3, 9:40 PM / By Sue Bailey, The Canadian Press
OTTAWA - Stephen Harper prepared for an all-or-nothing meeting with the Governor General by telling Canadians in an extraordinary televised appeal that the opposition coalition poised to topple his government represents a threat to the economy - and democracy. The prime minister will visit Michaelle Jean on Thursday morning. He's expected to ask her to suspend Parliament until January so that he can avoid a confidence vote Monday and hang on to his job long enough to present a budget. Harper dropped his angry demeanour of recent days as he hit the airwaves Wednesday night. But he repeated his vow to use "every legal means at our disposal" to block the opposition from taking power from his Conservatives. He admitted no errors in political judgment. Nor did he offer any new measures - such as moving up the date of the budget to deal with the economic crisis - to placate the opposition Harper condemned the Liberal-NDP coalition, which is backed by the Bloc Quebecois, as a dangerous deal with the separatists - the same separatists he flirted with four years ago. He gave nearly identical four-minute speeches in English and French, with the exception that he referred to the Bloc as "separatists" in English and "sovereigntists" in French, a term preferred by Quebecers. The prime minister told voters the opposition is trying to take power "without your say, without your consent, and without your vote." "At a time like this, a coalition with the separatists cannot help Canada," he said from behind a desk flanked by two Canadian flags. "And the Opposition does not have the democratic right to impose a coalition with the separatists they promised voters would never happen."
In fact, every constitutional expert has said the coalition is legal and legitimate. "I think the attack on democracy is the mob rule that Harper is appealing to," said Ned Franks, professor emeritus at Queen's University and one of the country's most respected constitutional scholars. "(He's) saying that the way people cast their votes isn't the way they should have cast them, and that the government doesn't need the confidence of the House of Commons ... I think that's the real attack on democracy."
Opposition MPs have assailed Harper for what they called a desperate ploy to cling to power despite the fact that proroguing Parliament would preclude any major spending at a time of economic crisis. And they point out that Harper signed a letter with the separatist Bloc in 2004 asking the Governor General to consider letting the opposition govern should the Liberal government of Paul Martin fall.
Liberal Leader Stephane Dion's pre-taped response to Harper aired several minutes late, it's up-close and off-focus framing reminiscent of a YouTube video next to the prime minister's crisp presentation. "Stephen Harper still refuses to propose measures to stimulate the Canadian economy," he said. "His mini-budget last week demonstrated that his priority is partisanship and settling ideological scores. "The Harper Conservatives have lost the confidence of the majority of members of the House of Commons. In our democracy, in our parliamentary system, in our Constitution, this means that they have lost the right to govern."
NDP Leader Jack Layton was on the air next to reinforce that point. "Mr. Harper delivered a partisan attack ... Now he's trying to turn an economic crisis into a political one. But Stephen Harper has broken trust with the Canadian people."
Harper took pains to emphasize that he is working on the economy, outlining several measures the government is taking, including consulting premiers and international partners. But he said new economic initiatives will wait until the federal budget Jan. 27.
Dion insisted Harper must go because of his failure to focus on the economy. "We offer a better way. We say settle it now and let's get to work on the people's business. A vote is scheduled for next Monday. Let it proceed. And let us all show maturity in accepting the result with grace and the larger task of serving Canadians in mind." Liberals squarely blame Harper's mean streak for causing a political showdown the Tories are now using to demonize Quebec separatists. Dion sent a letter to Jean on Wednesday urging her to reject any attempt by Harper to prorogue Parliament.
Catcalls filled the House of Commons for a third straight day as Dion accused Harper of trying to save his political skin at the expense of allowing Parliament to focus on the economy. "Why does the prime minister care more about his own job than allowing Parliament to save the jobs of Canadians?"
Harper shot back that Dion could help save those jobs by co-operating with the teetering Conservatives. "He can reach across the aisle and work with this government, which will be pleased to work with him on saving this economy." Harper announced that he has invited the premiers for a mid-January economic summit, a way of demonstrating that he's working on economic matters despite the political turmoil. Harper precipitated the crisis last Thursday with a provocative economic update that contained no stimulus package, killed public financing for federal political parties, and banned public sector unions from striking for two years.
Desperate back-peddling by the government over the weekend in the face of coalition talks did nothing to stop opposition momentum. The Conservatives turned up the rhetoric Wednesday, going so far as to talk of treason. Ontario MP Bob Dechert accused the Liberals of trying to destroy the country by aligning with the separatist Bloc. "They're getting into bed with the separatists," he said. "They've actually written a deal giving the separatists a veto over every decision of the Canadian government. That is as close to treason and sedition as I can imagine."
The three opposition parties in the House together won just over 54 per of the popular vote in the Oct. 14 federal election. That figure rises to 61 per cent including the Greens who do not have a seat in the House.
The Tories have fired up their formidable campaign machine for an all-out PR blitz against the opposition. The barrage includes radio ads, rallies, and urging supporters to swamp MPs, talk shows and media with calls and e-mails. The coalition was preparing a counterattack. The Canadian Labour Congress, which is organizing rallies in support of the coalition, says it has radio spots ready to go.
Rallies were being organized across the country by supporters on both sides of the bitter parliamentary meltdown. Into the political maelstrom lands the Governor General. Jean, who must decide whether to allow Parliament to prorogue or let the opposition take over, has been working closely with her advisers and constitutional experts, said an official. There is precedent for the vice-regal refusing to dissolve Parliament in the face of a confidence crisis - the King-Byng affair of 1926. But the question of refusing prorogation is uncharted territory.
The coalition would be first change of government without an election since 1926. Under the opposition pact, Dion would serve as prime minister until spring when he is to be replaced as Liberal leader. The deal calls for the coalition to survive at least 18 months.
在十月十四日加拿大聯邦政府大選之後,沒有人預料一個政治大風波,会在短短的数月間在渥太華國会爆發。以下是節錄自Wikipedia 的“2008 Canadian political dispute”:
“ … On November 27, 2008, (the) Finance Minister … provided the House of Commons with his fiscal update. … Since the fiscal update was a vote of confidence on the newly formed Conservative minority government, it had the possibility of bringing down the government … On December 1, 2008, the three opposition parties agreed to defeat the Conservatives in a vote of non-confidence. Under the agreement signed by (the) Liberal … and New Democratic Party leaders, the (Liberal-NDP) coalition government would have … a Liberal prime minister (with Stéphane Dion as the initial prime minister)… The coalition agreement is in force until June 30, 2011. The Bloc Québécois … has agreed … to support the proposed coalition government… However, the Bloc Québécois would not be a direct participant in the coalition itself…
… (Governor General) Michaëlle Jean faces a difficult choice in interpreting her … role as governor general of Canada. Should Prime Minister Harper come to Rideau Hall, he may advise four possible courses of action: 1) Dismiss parliament and call an immediate election, only two months after the last; 2) Prorogue Parliament until January, delaying any possible non-confidence motion by the coalition; 3) Prorogue Parliament for a longer time, up to a year; or 4) he may resign as prime minister and the governor general could permit the coalition headed by Dion to govern …
… On the federal level, the reserve powers of the Governor-General have been used twice in respect to declining the advice of the Prime Minister. The first took place in 1896, when Charles Tupper refused to resign as prime minister following his loss in the election of that year and Governor General Lord Aberdeen refused to sign several appointments, forcing Tupper to relinquish office.
... The second instance was in 1926, during the King-Byng Affair, when William Lyon Mackenzie King's government asked the Governor General at the time, Lord Byng of Vimy, to dissolve Parliament and call an election so that it could avoid a non-confidence motion. Lord Byng of Vimy refused and gave Arthur Meighen, the leader of the Official Opposition, a chance to form the government. Meighen's government was itself defeated in the first non-confidence vote it faced. King, running on a platform which sought to limit the Governor General's powers, was re-elected with a strong majority in the resulting elections…”
Governor General Michaëlle Jean現已減短她在東欧的旅程,趕緊回國解决這政治風暴,她的首要職責是要清楚明白加拿大的歷史前例precedents (例如上述: 1896年Governor General Lord Aberdeen 和拒絕下台的Prime Minister Charles Tupper, 和1926年的King-Byng Affair) ,與及總督的权力界限 reserve powers of the Governor-General。總督莊美楷回加後將会和現任總理哈珀The Rt. Hon. Stephen Harper会面,之後要立刻作一决定,讓選民知道在這世界經濟動蕩危机時刻,誰会領導這個國家。
1. 2008 Canadian Political Dispute: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Canadian_political_dispute
2. The King-Byng Affair: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King-Byng_Affair
3. Reserve Powers of the Governor General: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reserve_power
4. Past and current Governors General of Canada:
Adrienne Clarkson: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adrienne_Clarkson
Governor General of Canada Her Excellency the Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean:
5. My previous two blog articles on the Governor General of Canada (GG) and the Oct 14, 2008 Federal Election:
加拿大總督 / Governor General of Canada (Click View)
2008年10月14日加拿大聯邦政府大選 ∕ Canada's Federal Election Oct 14, 2008 (click View)
Wednesday, December 03, 2008
Updated list of "friends" as of Dec 2, 2008 23h00 兩週一聚網友﹕
這樣過 Come and Go
The Man Who Loves Everton
Tuesday, December 02, 2008
朋友的定義真是可以很廣泛,猢羣狗黨可以是朋友,萍水相逢和生死之交的也同樣是朋友。鐵路風波把我們三個背景不同的人聯繫在一起,從人狼生事那天起,我丶Ronny丶和 Big Red就成了朋友。在Ronny 和Big Red眼中,我永遠都会是那個識擒拿手功夫的Chinaman。而在我眼中,他倆雖然是中產階級所謂的「粗人」,沒有多大教育,但心底卻是善良,是路見不平,拔刀相助的江湖好漢。我曾問Big Red他長遠計是什么,他說是想当警察丶軍警丶或保衛員。Ronny年紀還輕,前途应有很多選擇,但他就是喜啫杯中物,喜欢飲啤酒,逢飲必醉,醉後口沒遮攔,常和人在酒巴口角動武,帶著黑眼睛black eye回來工作。
至於Jose那披人皮的冷血人狼,聽說他被鐵路公司炒了之後,在附近小鎮勾引了一個未成年的少女jail bait,發生了性行為,被当地父老驅逐出埠。皇家騎警RCMP來調查他背景的時候,我丶Ronny 丶和Big Red都非常熱心地和那constable合作,加一提供有關人狼的資料。騎警臨走時笑說: "If Jose has friends like you guys, he won't need any enemies." 我們三人不約而同齊声說: "You are damn right, Mister. A friend in need, is a friend indeed!!!"
Monday, December 01, 2008
在午間Richard接到上頭电訊,指示有一列運輸火車將会在這條線經過。"Boys!!! Get everything off the track and take a break!!!"我們七手八腳地將工具和机器移放在最近的鐵路側線岔道,之後便懶洋洋地散坐在路軌旁等候列車。
正当我想趁机打嗑睡的時候,Jose靜靜的在我背後出現,他眼睛牢牢地盯著我說:"You wanna go into the bush?"天真的我回答說:"What for?"Jose一手扯著我的手腕,对著我陰笑說:"You know ...."我立刻明白他的用意。Jose是一隻披上人皮的冷血人狼,曾經有一次他对我說:"I wanna kill someone."我也是天真地問他:"What for?"他竟然漫不經意地說:"I just wanna see what it's like."記起了他以前說的話,我心裏冷了半截,莫不道他就是想用我去祭旗,成全他變態的慾望!!
冷汗從我的額角冒出來,我本能地用擒拿手,反手一扣,姆指就封了他的勞宮穴,正当我要起身逃走的時候,人狼的左手已在腰間掏出一把小刀子,就在這緊急關頭,Big Red突然出現:"Let the Chinaman go!!!" 人狼持刀的手在空中劃了個半圓形,但Big Red比他更快,鋼槓桿朝他腦袋搗來,人狼急忙舉手保護他的天靈蓋,鋼棒滑手而過,但仍在他面上劃了一條血痕。
Sunday, November 30, 2008
在洛磯山脈舖鐵路,不应該是我大學暑期工的第一明智選擇,但我生來就是喜愛在戶外勞力工作,在香港如是(曾替維他奶和百事可樂送水),來到加拿大也是一樣,所以我一得知鐵路公司請人,就立刻要辭退唐人歺館那份室內「企枱」工。老板娘聽說我打算「跳槽」,就立刻力想挽留, Prince Rupert埠仔細唐人少,我這個「生招牌」是頗具有吸引顧客的作用。"Don't go"台山阿姆幾乎哭著对我說,"Last worker, I give lots of gifts. You stay, get lots of gifts too. Work for me, like good friend." 唉!替唐人打工就是有這些免稅「利益」,和脫不掉的朋友和人情關係。但我心意已定,况且阿姆又沒有落重注,介紹她的女兒,招我做她的女婿。所以我一声bye-bye道別,就提上背囊,離開了歺館,在CNR処簽了「賣身契」,重踏当年加拿大開埠老華僑的腳印,在洛磯山脈做舖鐵路的生涯。
"Hey!! Wake up Chinaman, we are here !!!" 那口沒遮攔的Ronny把我從 白日夢中猛然驚醒。"Oh!! Shut your freaking face !!!" 我也不甘示弱地回敬他一句。Jose向著我陰陰地笑。我望望那灰暗的天空,晨早的森林漳氣環繞著我們這群散仔,微微細雨還是不停的下著。Big Red早已在卡車未停定之前跳出車外,他一腳踏在鐵路軌丶一腳踏在枕木上,一枝粗粗的鋼槓桿在手,未等待工頭Richard指示,就開始撬在枕木和鐵軌間走了位的tie plates。"Hey Chinese!! What are you waiting for? Get moving !!!" 工頭Richard向著我這方向咆吼。"Yes Boss!!!" 我暗地裏咒駡他的祖宗十八代,趕忙戴上了安全頭盔,穿上濕透了的皮手套,跳下卡車,開始賺鐵路公司的血汗錢。
Saturday, November 29, 2008
加拿大卑詩省British Columbia北部的天氣就是時好時壞,從太平洋吹來的潮濕暖風被洛磯山脈一阻,再混上深山裏的森林沼澤漳氣,就算是最好的天文台報告員,也不可能凖確地預測氣候的轉變。在滂陀大雨下,我抽緊幾乎濕透了的雨衣,在兜帽的隱蔽下,偷偷看一看其他和我一樣,瑟縮在卡車上等候開工的鐵路工人,他們都是加拿大國家鐵路公司Canadian National Railway在Prince Rupert埠招請的廉價男性勞工,年紀有老有嫰,其中有剛從監獄釋放出來的囚犯(他們很容易被辨認: 紋了身的粗架子和隨身攜帶的刀子),每日必飲必醉的兇酒者(那陣悶人的酒氣和紅腫的鼻子),乳臭未乾讀書不成的小伙子(滿口粗話,問候令尊,「福F*ck」言有声),無家可歸的流浪漢(他們眼中總帶有一份失落潦倒的神情),和一族說外地話的歐洲移民(聽說是葡萄牙人)。正是龍蛇混雜,您總不会知道這班人混在一起的時候,会有什么可怕和罪惡的事情發生。
"Let's get the 福 out'a here !!!" 年輕的Ronny 不耐性地告訢負責點名計時薪的timekeeper。坐在他左边,昂堂7呎,体重250磅的紅髪Big Red,狠狠的用手肘撞了Ronny一把,用「大哥頭」alpha male的語調說:"You leave the mother福k'r alone !!!" Ronny 自知不能和神高神大的Big Red 对敵,看到坐在他右边的葡國仔Jose在陰陰地笑,就將怒氣撒放在後者身上。"What're you snickering about, you福k'n prick !!!" Jose 正想問候Ronny 母親安好,我們的卡車突然顛簸地開始向前開動,timekeeper看看他的計時錶,寫下了早上開工時間,就向我們的工頭foreman Richard揮手道別,而一場在豪雨中醞釀的口角也就不了了之。
* Haricot 「兩週一聚: 我有一部時光機」之【紅髪女孩】/ 【The Red Hair Girl】: Bi-weekly Potluck Series (submitted article under the theme " My Time Machine") http://lotusandcedar.blogspot.com/2008/10/red-hair-girl-bi-weekly-potluck-series.html
* 「兩週一聚」由巴黎 Michelle 發起
Updated list of "Friends" as of Dec 2, 2008 23h00 Eastern Standard Time 兩週一聚網友﹕
這樣過 Come and Go Haricot 周游 The Man Who Loves Everton Readandeat Zero 芸淡風輕 揚眉女子 mad dog 小孜媽 Michelle Mugen C athrunz
Friday, November 28, 2008
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Thursday, November 27, 2008
The weather was cool, the beach windy and the sea rough when these pictures were taken. But I thoroughly enjoyed the walk on the beach, listening to the waves rushing up and down the coast line and feeling the fine sand shifting under my feet. The sky resembled a giant oil canvas, with patches of deep blue being painted over by wisps of white clouds. Rain showers could be seen in the distance and there was a long arc of rainbow on the horizon, with perhaps a pot of gold hidden somewhere in the Medina, the walled quarter of Casablanca. Amidst the drizzle, amorous young couples were seen walking hand-in-hand, enjoying their privacy away from the prying eyes of elders in the city. Young soccer players kicked their ball and laughed, their youth energy merged with the blowing wind on this cool winter day, the joyful moment forever captured through the eyes of the photographer.
攝影图片: These photos were taken on Nov 2, 2008 near La Corniche, Casablanca, Morocco, under cloudy condition. Please double-click to enlarge pictures and see details in higher resolution.
Wednesday, November 26, 2008
新鮮人 + Michelle: I was going to leave the story at just that, but perhaps a sequel is in order.
Xiao Zhu: Thanks !!
Mugen: As people say, the story writes itself (spooooky !!)
啤酒花™_J: Here is another pic from the backyard !!
imak: The next installment will be the last :)
The Man Who Loves Everton: I will take your suggestions into consideration with some upcoming stories in the 兩周一聚 series. Thx !!!
Hyacinthus: There is no doubt in the story that Ken loves his wife.
"「兩周一聚: 我有一部時光機」之【紅髪女孩 (續集) 】 / 【The Red Hair Girl ...":
The Man Who Loves Everton: Yep !! That was a Halloween special for everyone. Glad you enjoy the story :)
Michelle: Thx !! Oui, le Canada est un pays bilingual :)
新鮮人: To tell you the truth, I don't really know the name of the wild berries in the picture.
Hyacinthus: "... 物競天擇 ..." Now that is an interesting perspective you have introduced into this story !!! It is my understanding that in the animal kingdom, nature usually favours the female whose role is to reproduce the species (that's why women generally live longer than men!!). The role of the male is just to "facilitate" the procreation process. If that's the case, maybe the red-head should have lived on. Perhaps that will be a sequel for next Halloween ;-)
啤酒花™_J: What you are inferring - a designed universe - is different from the evolutionary world 物競天擇 as seen by Darwin. However, I do find the classic line poetic: There is a time/season for everything.
啤酒花™_J: Hold your horses !! I am not sure if those wild berries are edible and I am not willing to bet my life on it (for fear of being eliminated in the Darwinian process).
"秋日隨筆: 民風 ∕ Fall 2008: Thoughts on Civil Society":
啊澤: "... 紐約人還是比港人更有跌序和禮貌 ..." My concern is that when these people with poor manner go overseas and behave as if they are in HK, their behaviours really make EVERYONE of Chinese/Asian origin look bad.
Inner Space: I agree, for many people, HK is a place to seek wealth and fortune.
imak: You have a very good point: "... 文明是從生活中表現出來 ..." I wish people can become rich and more civilized at the same time.
"秋日隨筆: 黑与白 ∕ Fall 2008: Black and White":
Inner Space: 有些不幸事情的發生是人為,但也有些是環境迫成,在某種情形之下,或許禍魁和受害者在壓力之下的心智運用,正誤與否,在当事人眼中就未必是那么黑白分明。I can appreciate where you are coming from.
Michelle: Vous avez raison. C'était le Keyboard plutôt que le logiciel qui m'a posé problème au Maroc.
And ... I was told there are Internet cafés (altho not the one I was in) that provide clients with English-version keyboard and software.
"Low Speed Internet":
Inner Space: You are always up-to-date on info. Yes, it comes to abt a buck an hour.
imak: You are right. There are other parts of the world where Internet cafés do not exist.
Hyacinthus: Thanks !! I have been a bit tied up with other things upon my return from Morocco and am slowly getting back into blogging.
"Road to Morocco: Through my Own Eyes":
新鮮人: 我現正在整理相机memory cards的攝影图片 :)
"Back from Morocco":
啊澤: Thanks for your comments. It is one of the more exotic places I have visited. More articles and pics to come !!!
"旅遊摩洛哥 - 【北非諜影】 (1942) / Road to Morocco - “Casablanca":
新鮮人: The B&W version of the movie is a classic. I have watched it many times.
Space: Your article is better than the one in Wikipedia !!! ps: I also left a message there.
Space: I have to admit that it's hard to think of replacing the actors and actresses in a classic movie like Casablanca - 先入為主 ?!!
Tuesday, November 25, 2008
ps: I threw in a picture (bottom) of the Charles de Gaulle airport in Paris as a comparison.
.... to be continued
Monday, November 24, 2008
In addition to the clip of the final scene from YouTube, here is a summary of the movie "Casablanca 北非諜影" in Chinese:
二戰期間，玩世不恭的美國人里克•布萊恩（Rick Blaine）在卡薩布蘭卡開了一家受到眾人歡迎的亞美利加酒吧，而且擁有兩張寶貴的通行證。亞美利加酒吧是歐洲難民最喜歡去的地方。納粹少校史特勞塞（Strasser）因追蹤捷克地下陣線領導人維克多•拉塞羅（Victor Laszlo）而來到卡薩布蘭卡，當地警察局長雷諾（Renault）竭力取悅納粹少校。故事就在卡薩布蘭卡的里克酒吧展開。里克偶然發現維克多的妻子伊麗莎（Ilsa）竟是自己昔日的摯愛，他們以前曾在巴黎墜入過情網，兩人以前在火車站逃難時失散，臨走前伊麗莎不辭而別，上火車前里克拿到伊麗莎告知不能同行的紙條。
1. Wikipedia http://zh.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=%E5%8C%97%E9%9D%9E%E8%B0%8D%E5%BD%B1&variant=zh-tw
2. YouTube http://ca.youtube.com/watch?v=8UisahukMdg
旅遊摩洛哥 - 【北非諜影】 (1942) / Road to Morocco - “Casablanca” (1942)
I passed through Paris on my way to Morocco. I couldn't help but remembering what Bogart said to Bergman in 【北非諜影Casablanca】: "We'll always have Paris".
Thursday, November 20, 2008
Thank you for all your blog comments which I will respond soonest, each and every one of them.
Meanwhile, I will share with you photos and and articles about that fascinating country.
Having spent almost 17 days in Morocco, I have got used to the sight, smell, and sound of the buzzing north African country. Compared to the quiet neighbourhood streets and the cold weather here in Canada, Morocco seems so unreal. Now, I am not passing any judgement on which place is better or worse. Every country, town or neighbourhood has its own charm and characters. What I am saying is that I miss the place and the people and wish I could have spent more time there. So, let me share with you my fond memories of Morocco and perhaps in doing so, relive some of the experience through my own eyes.
Tuesday, November 11, 2008
But then I am paying only 7 dh an hour and I should not really complain.
Gotta go !!!
Saturday, November 08, 2008
It is true that when we see what is currently happening to the global economy, the cruelty and atrocities people do to each other, and the daily bad-news stories reported by journalists, we tend to lose faith in ourselves and others and give up our values of right and wrong. However, I cannot accept the notion that "if you can't beat them, join them". As suggested in the movie "Blindness", I believe there is right and wrong. One does not need to blindly (excuse the pun) follow someone who claims to see better than us, especially evangelists who trade our donations for tickets to heaven. In the end, each of us will need to develop and use our own moral compass to navigate while respecting the norm of the society we are living in.
Tuesday, November 04, 2008
Friday, October 31, 2008
「兩週一聚: 我有一部時光機」之【紅髪女孩 (續集) 】 / 【The Red Hair Girl (End Game) 】: Bi-weekly Potluck Series (submitted article under the theme " My Time Machine")
"Are you okay, Ken?"
Startled by the voice behind him, Ken turns around and finds his boss Bob looking at him with some concerns.
"Oh, I am fine, Bob."
"That's good. As I was saying, please go over the papers submitted by the two applicants and decide who is going to be your principle researcher."
Now, Ken starts to remember.
The date was, or rather is, October 30, 1988. Their pharmaceutical company is one of many in a fierce competition to map the DNA sequence of a persistent virus that has plagued the lives of many children in developing countries. Since sequencing technology is not exactly Ken's forte, his boss Bob has asked him to hire a post-doc to solve the problem.
"I sort of prefer the red-head over the brunette," says Bob half-jokingly. "But of course, we are professionals and I'll let you be the judge of who best qualifies for the position."
"Of course! Of course!" Ken replies, watching Bob leaving the office.
Ken reviews the two unfolded files in front of him. Here is the brunette's résumé and her thesis on DNA sequencing. It is good work but not exactly something that will lead to the break-through that has yet to happen. Ken knows this because he already has the scientific knowledge and answer from the future. On the other hand, the work of the red-head - Ken feels bad identifying female workers by their physical appearances - is exemplary and she will very likely make the discovery on her own without any intervention from Ken. There is no doubt she is the preferred candidate. There is just one little problem: Ken knows the future. He and the brunette will eventually have an office romance, fall in love, get married, and have children.
So on this day October 30, 1988, Ken makes the most important decision of his present and future life. He takes the brunette's file into Bob's office.
For the next 20 years, Ken "knowingly" fulfills his destiny. He uses his knowledge from the future to help his principle researcher "discover" the sequencing technology. The pharmaceutical company is able to find a cure that will save the lives of many yet-to-be born children in the third world. His career thrives and they "spontaneously" fall in love, get married and have children.
As to the red-head who was not hired, she falls into a depression and eventually commits suicide. And Ken has known it too.
Happy Halloween !!!
Thursday, October 30, 2008
「兩週一聚: 我有一部時光機」之【紅髪女孩】/ 【The Red Hair Girl】: Bi-weekly Potluck Series (submitted article under the theme " My Time Machine")
Reference Link: 「兩周一聚: 我有一部時光機」
Wednesday, October 29, 2008
“You need good tools and people to do a good job.”
I drafted this article in early April 2008, when the rising of China中囯崛起, the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, and other related issues were being hotly discussed among bloggers and mainstream media alike. Here is the formula I wrote down at the time, on the subject of nation building:
Nation Building建國 = A(1,2,3,..)+B(1,2,3,..)+C(1,2,3,..)+D(1,2,3,..)+E(1,2,3,..)+ etc....
A=economics, B=education, C=governance, D=sports such as the Olympics, E=other priorities, ...
(Note: Obviously, each nation will have to determine what the priorities are at the national and regional levels at any given point in time and space.)
1=transactional infrastructure changes
2=transformational infrastructure changes
3=other systemic changes, ...
(Note: All systemic changes must take into consideration both "hard" and "soft" winning conditions in order to achieve national priorities. For example: Physical installations such as water treatment plants are "hard" infrastructure, but their successful operation and maintenance will depend very much on the workers' knowledge and experience, or "soft" infrastructure. This concept applies to both transactional and transformational infrastructure changes.)
....... Next: Case Studies / to be continued 待續
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Supplementary info re TRANSACTIONAL vs TRANSFORMATIONAL
Let's look at the types of leadership that are associated with transactional and transformational changes. According to Wikipedia:
Transactional Leadership, also known as managerial leadership, focuses on the role of supervision, organization, and group performance; transactional leadership is a style of leadership in which the leader promotes compliance of his followers through both rewards and punishments. Unlike Transformational leadership, leaders using the transactional approach are not looking to change the future, they are looking to merely keep things the same. Leaders using transactional leadership as a model pay attention to followers' work in order to find faults and deviations. This type of leadership is effective in crisis and emergency situations, as well as when projects need to be carried out in a specific fashion.
- "Set goals, articulate explicit agreements regarding what the leader expects from organizational members and how they will be rewarded for their efforts and commitment, and provide constructive feedback to keep everybody on task".
- Transactional leaders focus on increasing the efficiency of established routines and procedures and are more concerned with following existing rules than with making changes to the structure of the organization.
- Thus, they operate most effectively in organizations that have evolved beyond the chaotic, no-rules stage of entrepreneurial development that characterizes so many new companies.
- Transactional leadership establishes and standardizes practices that will help the organization reach maturity, emphasizing setting of goals, efficiency of operation, and increase of productivity. "
- Individualized Consideration – the degree to which the leader attends to each follower's needs, acts as a mentor or coach to the follower and listens to the follower's concerns and needs. The leader gives empathy and support, keeps communication open and places challenges before the followers. This also encompasses the need for respect and celebrates the individual contribution that each follower can make to the team. The followers have a will and aspirations for self-development and have intrinsic motivation for their tasks.
- Intellectual Stimulation – Such leaders encourage their followers to be innovative and creative. They encourage new ideas from their followers and never criticize them publicly for the mistakes committed by them. The leaders focus on the “what” in problems and do not focus on the blaming part of it. They have no hesitation in discarding an old practice set by them if it is found ineffective.
- Inspirational Motivation – the degree to which the leader articulates a vision that is appealing and inspiring to followers. Leaders with inspirational motivation challenge followers to leave their comfort zones, communicate optimism about future goals, and provide meaning for the task at hand. Followers need to have a strong sense of purpose if they are to be motivated to act. Purpose and meaning provide the energy that drives a group forward. The visionary aspects of leadership are supported by communication skills that make the vision understandable, precise, powerful and engaging. The followers are willing to invest more effort in their tasks, they are encouraged and optimistic about the future and believe in their abilities.
- Idealized Influence – the degree to which the leader acts as a role model for their followers. Transformational leaders must embody the values that the followers should be learning and mimicking back to others. If the leader gives respect and encourages others to be better, those influenced will then go to others and repeat the positive behavior, passing on the leadership qualities for other followers to learn. This will earn the leader more respect and admiration from the followers, putting them at a higher level of influence and importance. The foundation of transformational leadership is the promotion of consistent vision, mission, and a set of values to the members. Their vision is so compelling that they know what they want from every interaction. Transformational leaders guide followers by providing them with a sense of meaning and challenge. They work enthusiastically and optimistically to foster the spirit of teamwork and commitment.
Saturday, October 25, 2008
References and photo credits: Wikipedia http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%A6%99%E6%B8%AF%E4%BF%9D%E8%A1%9B%E6%88%B0