Friday, June 07, 2013

無神論 / Atheism

這是在面書上看到的無神論者意見,我不反對宗教自由,但贊成政府与宗教權力要分立 separation of state and religion.

Updated info 20130624:

* Wikipedia:  "..... 政教分離(英語:Separation of church and state),指的是宗教權力和國家、政府統治權力的分割,如《美國憲法第一修正案》中明文規定:「國會不得制訂關於創立宗教或禁止宗教自由之法律。」此外國家力量不援助、助長、壓迫各宗教團體。政教分離是現代政治學的一項原則,源於歐洲擺脫宗教控制的科學革命、啟蒙運動、文藝復興、宗教改革,並成為歐美政治學說主流觀點。現代歐洲社會的趨勢是向現世主義方向發展,從而宗教與政治不互相干涉。在不少國家,仍然有宗教背景濃厚的政黨,不論是羅馬天主教或伊斯蘭教。...."

* Wikipedia: "..... The separation of church and state is the distance in the relationship between organized religion and the nation state.  Although the concept of separation has been adopted in a number of countries, there are varying degrees of separation depending on the applicable legal structures and prevalent views toward the proper role of religion in society. While a country's policy may be to have a definite distinction in church and state, there may be an "arm's length distance" relationship in which the two entities interact as independent organizations. A similar but typically stricter principle of laïcité has been applied in France and Turkey, while some socially secularized countries such as Denmark and the United Kingdom have maintained constitutional recognition of an official state religion. The concept parallels various other international social and political ideas, including secularism, disestablishment, religious liberty, and religious pluralism. Whitman (2009) observes that in many European countries, the state has, over the centuries, taken over the social roles of the church, leading to a generally secularized public sphere.  The degree of separation varies from total separation mandated by a constitution, as in India and Singapore; to an official religion with total prohibition of the practice of any other religion, as in the Maldives....."

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